Optimal design of single-photon sources emission from a quantum-dot in micro-pillar microcavity

Y.-L. D. Ho, T. Cao, P Ivanov, Martin J. Cryan, Ian James Craddock, Chris J. Railton, John G. Rarity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have modelled wavelength scale micro-pillar microcavities of group III-V semiconductor materials using the 3-D finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. A broad band dipole source within the microcavity probes the microcavity mode structure and spectrum. We then investigated the modifications to spontaneous emission of photons form narrowband emitters (e.g. quantum dots) at the centre of the resonance. We find strongly enhanced emission due to small modal volumes and high quality factor (Q-factor). A large fraction of the quantum-dot spontaneous emission is coupled into the fundamental cavity mode. Increasing the number of mirror pairs in the bottom distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) obviously reduces the bottom light leakage, leading to light collection efficiency up to 90%. Moreover, we are now looking at more sophisticated structures with both lateral and perpendicular confinements based on annular and photonic crystal defect cavities in order to suppress the remaining sidewall scattering.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-238
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Information
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

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