We have modelled wavelength scale micro-pillar microcavities of group III-V semiconductor materials using the 3-D finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. A broad band dipole source within the microcavity probes the microcavity mode structure and spectrum. We then investigated the modifications to spontaneous emission of photons form narrowband emitters (e.g. quantum dots) at the centre of the resonance. We find strongly enhanced emission due to small modal volumes and high quality factor (Q-factor). A large fraction of the quantum-dot spontaneous emission is coupled into the fundamental cavity mode. Increasing the number of mirror pairs in the bottom distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) obviously reduces the bottom light leakage, leading to light collection efficiency up to 90%. Moreover, we are now looking at more sophisticated structures with both lateral and perpendicular confinements based on annular and photonic crystal defect cavities in order to suppress the remaining sidewall scattering.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Quantum Information|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2005|