Optimising Building-to-Building and Building-for-Grid Services under Uncertainty: A Robust Rolling Horizon Approach

Saman Nikkhah*, Adib Allahham, Mohammad Royapoor, Janusz W. Bialek, Damian Giaouris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Energy systems are undergoing radical changes that have resulted in buildings being regarded as proactive players with the potential to contribute positively to energy networks. This study investigates the role of active buildings (ABs) as prosumers in energy systems by introducing a building-to-building (B2B) strategy for energy exchange between residential units, as well as a building-for-grid (B4G) model by exploiting the demand flexibility of residential microgrids (RMGs). The mid-market rate mechanism is adopted to produce local market price signals at RMG level. A robust rolling horizon controller is developed for real-time energy management of a community of ABs. This control philosophy can improve the robustness of the RMG in face of real-time weather and energy price prediction errors. The proposed method is a multi-level optimisation which pursues multiple goals while making a trade-off between operational cost and occupant comfort. Finally, the repercussions of COVID-19 induced power consumption resulting from changing lifestyle and building occupancy profile is analysed by the proposed method as a case study. The results show that the proposed B2B and B4G strategy can reduce energy bills by 18.45%, while notable robust real-time control and computational efficiencies are achieved when benchmarked against conventional methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1453-1467
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number2
Early online date15 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

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