Non-contact R test is an instrument to measure the synchronous errors of five-axis machine tools. However, there are still some deficiencies in its researches, such as the difficult and laborious calibrations. How to systematically improve the measurement accuracy with a good balance to minimum cost is a real problem in guiding practice. This paper proposes a new systematic optimization method to solve this problem based on a comprehensive understanding of the non-contact R test in terms of structure parameters and relations. Firstly, the algorithm for sphere center coordinates is established based on the self-adaptive differential evolution algorithm to obtain the definite computational accuracy and efficiency. Secondly, the parameters of the fixture structure are optimized to maximize the measurement stability, measuring space, and non-interference space. Thirdly, the on-machine calibration is performed to replace pre-calibration and re-calibration and to establish the positional relationships between sensors, the fixture, and the machine tool simultaneously. It can reduce the difficulties of manufacture, maintenance, and application. Fourthly, the measurement accuracy can be evaluated to determine whether the iterative optimization achieves the goal. The proposed method has been verified with case studies to support the setting-up of the optimized non-contact R test, leading to a cost-effective and accurate test on five-axis machine tools.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology|
|Early online date||6 Mar 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2020|