Pacing behavior and tactical positioning in 500-and 1000-m short-Track speed skating

Olaf S. Noorbergen, Marco J. Konings, Dominic Micklewright, Marije T. Elferink-Gemser, Florentina J. Hettinga*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: To explore pacing behavior and tactical positioning during the shorter 500-and 1000-m short-Track competitions. Methods: Lap times and intermediate rankings of elite 500-and 1000-m short-Track-skating competitors were collected over the 2012-13 season. First, lap times were analyzed using a MANOVA, and for each lap, differences between sex, race type, final ranking, and stage of competition were determined. Second, Kendall tau-b correlations were used to assess relationships between intermediate and final rankings. In addition, intermediate rankings of the winner of each race were examined. Results: Top-placed athletes appeared faster than bottom-placed athletes in every lap in the 500-m, while in the 1000-m no differences were found until the final 4 laps (P < .05). Correlations between intermediate and final rankings were already high at the beginning stages of the 50-m (lap 1: r = .59) but not for the 1000-m (lap 1: r = .21). Conclusions: Although 500-and 1000-m short-Track races are both relatively short, fundamental differences in pacing behavior and tactical positioning were found. A fast-start strategy seems to be optimal for 500-m races, while the crucial segment in 1000-m races seems to be from the 6th lap to the finish line (ie, after ± 650 m). These findings provide evidence to suggest that athletes balance between choosing an energetically optimal profile and the tactical and positional benefits that play a role when riding against an opponent, as well as contributing to developing novel insights in exploring athletic behavior when racing against opponents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)742-748
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Pacing behavior and tactical positioning in 500-and 1000-m short-Track speed skating'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this