Pacing Strategy in Schoolchildren Differs With Age and Cognitive Development

Dominic Micklewright, Caroline Angus, Jane Suddaby, Alan St Clair Gibson, Gavin Sandercock, Camilla Chinnasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To examine differences in pacing strategy between schoolchildren of different age, gender and stage of cognitive development. Methods: Schoolchildren (n=106) from four age groups (5-6 yrs, 8-9 yrs, 11-12 yrs and 14 yrs) participated in this study. Each schoolchild completed four conservation tasks to evaluate their Piagetian stage of cognitive development. Each schoolchild then performed a best-effort running task on a 150-m running track that was videoed to analyse pace at 5% increments. The length of the run was varied for each age group to ensure that all schoolchildren were running for approximately 4 minutes (5-6 yrs = 450 m, 8-9 yrs = 600 m, 11-12 yrs = 750 m and 14 yrs = 900 m). Results: Differences in pacing strategy were found between schoolchildren of different age (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-369
JournalMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012


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