Pain and depression are associated with both physical and mental fatigue independently of comorbidities and medications in primary Sjögren's syndrome

Katie Hackett, Kristen Davies, Jessica Tarn, Rebecca Bragg, Ben Hargreaves, Samira Miyamoto, Sheryl Mitchell, Peter McMeekin, Simon Bowman, Elizabeth Price, Colin Pease, Paul Emery, Peter Lanyon, John Hunter, Monica Gupta, Michele Bombardieri, Nurhan Sutcliffe, Constantino Pitzalis, John McLaren, Annie CooperMarian Regan, Ian Giles, David Isenberg, Saravanan Vadivelu, David Coady, Bhaskar Dasgupta, Neil McHugh, Steven Young-Min, Robert Moots, Nagui Gendi, Mohammed Akil, Bridget Griffiths, Dennis Lendrem, Wan-Fai Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Objectives: To report on fatigue in patients from the United Kingdom Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome Registry identifying factors associated with fatigue and robust to assignable causes such as comorbidities and medications associated with drowsiness.

Methods: From our cohort (n=608) we identified those with comorbidities associated with fatigue, and those taking medications associated with drowsiness. We constructed dummy variables, permitting the contribution of these potentially assignable causes of fatigue to be assessed. Using multiple regression analysis, we modelled the relationship between Profile of Fatigue and Discomfort (PROFAD) physical and mental fatigue scores and potentially related variables.

Results: Pain, depression, and daytime sleepiness scores were closely associated with both physical and mental fatigue (all p≤0.0001). In addition, dryness was strongly associated with physical fatigue (p≤0.0001). These effects were observed even after adjustment for co-morbidities associated with fatigue or medications associated with drowsiness.

Conclusions: These findings support further research and clinical interventions targeting pain, dryness, depression and sleep to improve fatigue in PSS patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere000885
JournalRMD Open
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2019

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