Performance fatigability and recovery after dynamic multi-joint maximal exercise in elbow flexors versus knee extensors.

Marta Colosio, Letizia Rasica, Giovanni Baldassarre, John Temesi, Gianluca Vernillo, Mauro Marzorati, Simone Porcelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Elbow flexors (EF) and knee extensors (KE) have shown differences in performance fatigability and recovery of neuromuscular function after isometric and isotonic single-joint fatiguing contractions. However, dynamic multi-joint movements are more representative of real-world activities. The aim of the study was to assess central and peripheral mechanisms of fatigability after either arm-cranking or cycling. Ten physically-active men performed maximal incremental arm-cranking and cycling until task-failure. Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and electrically-evoked forces of both EF and KE were assessed before (PRE) and 1 (POST) and 20 (POST20) min after exercise. At POST, MVIC decreased similarly to 76 ± 8% and 81 ± 7% (both P < 0.001) of PRE for EF and KE, respectively. MVIC force remained lower than PRE at POST20 for both EF and KE (85 ± 8% vs. 95 ± 3% of PRE, P ≤ 0.033), having recovered less in EF than KE (P = 0.003). Electrically-evoked forces decreased similarly from PRE to POST in EF and KE (all P > 0.05). At POST20, the ratio of low-to-high frequency doublets was lower in EF than KE (75 ± 13% vs. 85 ± 10% of PRE; P ≤ 0.034). Dynamic maximal incremental exercise acutely induced similar magnitudes of MVIC and evoked forces loss in EF and KE. However, at POST20, impaired MVIC recovery and lower ratio of low-to-high frequency doublets in EF compared to KE suggests the recovery of neuromuscular function after dynamic maximal exercises is specific to and dependent on changes within the muscles investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R300-R309
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume323
Issue number3
Early online date27 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2022

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