Performance Improvement of Brillouin Ring Laser based BOTDR System Employing a Wavelength Diversity Technique

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Abstract

In this paper, a wavelength diversity technique is employed in a Brillouin optical time domain reflectometry (BOTDR) using a Brillouin ring laser (BRL) as a local oscillator. In the wavelength diversity technique, multiple wavelengths are injected into the sensing fiber, while the peak power of each wavelength is set below the nonlinear threshold level. This technique significantly maximizes the overall launch pump power, without activating the non-negligible nonlinear effects, which overcomes the limitation of the conventional BOTDR system. The BRL, which is simple and cost-effective, that can be used to reduce the receiver bandwidth in the order of few MHz. In addition, a passive depolarizer is used to reduce the polarization noise. The proposed system is validated experimentally over a 50 km sensing fiber with a 5 m spatial resolution. The experimental results demonstrate a signal-to-noise ratio improvement of 5.1 dB, which corresponds to 180% improvement compared to a conventional BOTDR system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1084-1090
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume36
Issue number4
Early online date26 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2018

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