Photospheric Observations of Surface and Body Modes in Solar Magnetic Pores

Peter H. Keys, Richard J. Morton, David B. Jess, Gary Verth, Samuel D.T. Grant, Mihalis Mathioudakis, Duncan H. Mackay, John G. Doyle, Damian J. Christian, Francis P. Keenan, Robertus Erdélyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Over the past number of years, great strides have been made in identifying the various low-order magnetohydrodynamic wave modes observable in a number of magnetic structures found within the solar atmosphere. However, one aspect of these modes that has remained elusive, until now, is their designation as either surface or body modes. This property has significant implications for how these modes transfer energy from the waveguide to the surrounding plasma. Here, for the first time to our knowledge, we present conclusive, direct evidence of these wave characteristics in numerous pores that were observed to support sausage modes. As well as outlining methods to detect these modes in observations, we make estimates of the energies associated with each mode. We find surface modes more frequently in the data, as well as that surface modes appear to carry more energy than those displaying signatures of body modes. We find frequencies in the range of ∼2-12 mHz, with body modes as high as 11 mHz, but we do not find surface modes above 10 mHz. It is expected that the techniques we have applied will help researchers search for surface and body signatures in other modes and in differing structures from those presented here.

Original languageEnglish
Article number28
Number of pages15
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2018


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