Phylogenetic Characterization and Detection of Polyketide Synthase Type I and Non-ribosomal Peptide Synthases Genes in Micromonospora Strains Isolated from Chilean Marine Sediments

Seniyat Afegbua, Amanda Jones, Y.M. Sani*, Chinyere Okoro, Michael Goodfellow

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

There has been an increasing emphasis on the need to exploit un- and underexplored
environments especially the marine environments for microbial and chemical diversity. Previous
in-depth exploration of Chilean marine sediments have led to the isolation of members of the
Micromonosporaceae, which require de-replication and characterization to establish taxonomic
status along with screening of the isolates for the ability to produce bioactive compounds. This
study was, therefore, embarked on with the aim of assessing phylogenetic relationship of the
isolates and screening for novel polyketide synthases type I (PKS-I), non-ribosomal peptide
synthases (NRPS) biosynthetic genes (BGC). This involved culture, de-replication by the
traditional colour grouping to select representative strains, amplification of 16S rRNA, PKS-I and
NRPS genes, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Thirty-four representative strains were
selected from 66 Micromonospora species. Following the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, 11
belonged to the genus Micromonospora, 7 strains residing in the genera Exiguobacterium and
Bacillus. The phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of the strains inferred that
these strains are novel members of this sub-order. The partial sequences of PKS-I and NRPS genes
amplified from eight Micromonospora strains, produced matches with a variety of BGCs including
Streptomyces noursei, S. neyagawaensis concanamycin A and Streptomyces sp. heptaene
macrolide complex synthesis gene cluster. There exists an untapped microbial diversity in the
Chilean marine sediments with great potential of been exploited for novel bioactive compounds
as the search for newer and more potent natural products deepens.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-45
JournalUMYU Journal of Microbiology Research
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

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