Placement and Capacity of EV Charging Stations by Considering Uncertainties with Energy Management Strategies

Fareed Ahmad, Atif Iqbal, Imtiaz Asharf, Mousa Marzband, Irfan Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


At the present context, Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are gaining popularity in the automotive industry due to their low CO2 emissions, simple maintenance, and low operating costs. As the number of PEVs on the road increases, the charging demand of PEVs affects distribution network features, such as power loss, voltage profile, and harmonic distortion. Furthermore, one more problem arises due to the high peak power demand from the grid to charge the PEVs at the charging station (CS). In addition, the location of CS also affects the behavior of EV users and CS investors. Hence, this paper applies CS investor, PEV user, and distribution network operator who could approach to CS's optimal location and capacity. Integrating renewable energy sources (RESs) at the charging station is suggested to lower the energy stress on the grid. Moreover, to keep down the peak power demand from the grid and utilize renewable energy more efficiently, energy management strategies (EMS) have been applied through the control of charging and discharging of the battery storage system (BSS). In addition, vehicle to grid (V2G) strategy is also applied to discharge the EV battery at charging station. Furthermore, the uncertainties related to PEV charging demand and PV power generation are addressed by the Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3865-3874
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number3
Early online date8 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023

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