Police interviewers’ experiences of the Tactical Interview Model (TIM): an exploratory study of suspect interviewing in Norway

Patrick Risan, Trond Myklebust*, Ole Thomas Bjerknes, Gavin Oxburgh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of the study was to qualitatively explore how police investigators in Norway experience interviewing suspects. Specifically, we sought to investigate the relationship between theory (the Tactical Interview Model) and practice concerning how police interviewers establish the interviewee’s account and disclose potential evidence-related information. To explore processes relevant to the research objective, four focus group interviews of police interviewers were conducted (n = 29). The data was analysed using a thematic analysis which resulted in four main themes: (1) Planning and preparing: considering potentially evidence-relevant information – Its possible value, alternative explanations, and influence on the interview process, (2) Establishing rapport and balancing dilemmas: Providing sufficient information without affecting the interviewee’s account, (3) Exploring the interviewee’s account through questioning and ‘closing doors’, and (4) Challenge through clarification: disclosure of potential evidence-related information and adapting to the interviewee. The findings are discussed in relation to the Tactical Interview Model. Implications for practice and future directions are presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalPsychology, Crime and Law
Early online date20 Nov 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Nov 2023

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