Power Scaling Law Analysis and Phase Shift Optimization of RIS-aided Massive MIMO Systems with Statistical CSI

Kangda Zhi, Cunhua Pan*, Hong Ren, Kezhi Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper considers an uplink reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, where the phase shifts of the RIS are designed relying on statistical channel state information (CSI). Considering the complex environment, the general Rician channel model is adopted for both the users-RIS links and RIS-BS links. We first derive the closed-form approximate expressions for the achievable rate which holds for arbitrary numbers of base station (BS) antennas and RIS elements. Then, we utilize the derived expressions to provide some insights, including the asymptotic rate performance, the power scaling laws, and the impacts of various system parameters on the achievable rate. We also tackle the sum-rate maximization and the minimum user rate maximization problems by optimizing the phase shifts at the RIS based on genetic algorithm (GA). Finally, extensive simulations are provided to validate the benefits by integrating RIS into conventional massive MIMO systems. Our simulations also demonstrate the feasibility of deploying large-size but low-resolution RIS in massive MIMO systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3558-3574
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume70
Issue number5
Early online date28 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

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