Predicting attitudes towards screening for neurodegenerative diseases using OCT and artificial intelligence: Findings from a literature review

Beth AB Nichol, Anya C Hurlbert, Jenny CA Read

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent developments in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning raise the possibility of screening and early diagnosis for neurodegenerative diseases, using 3D scans of the retina. The eventual value of such screening will depend not only on scientific metrics such as specificity and sensitivity but, critically, also on public attitudes and uptake. Differential screening rates for various screening programmes in England indicate that multiple factors influence uptake. In this narrative literature review, some of these potential factors are explored in relation to predicting uptake of an early screening tool for neurodegenerative diseases using AI. These include: awareness of the disease, perceived risk, social influence, the use of AI, previous screening experience, socioeconomic status, health literacy, uncontrollable mortality risk, and demographic factors. The review finds the strongest and most consistent predictors to be ethnicity, social influence, the use of AI, and previous screening experience. Furthermore, it is likely that factors also interact to predict the uptake of such a tool. However, further experimental work is needed both to validate these predictions and explore interactions between the significant predictors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number22799036221127627
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Public Health Research
Volume11
Issue number4
Early online date20 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Predicting attitudes towards screening for neurodegenerative diseases using OCT and artificial intelligence: Findings from a literature review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this