Prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A clinical perspective

Helen Howlett

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is acknowledged as the leading known cause of preventable non-genetic learning disability in the Western world [1, 2]. FASD is a lifelong condition which is only caused by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). It is crucial that women who are pregnant or planning a pregnancy are fully informed with clear, evidence based guidance on alcohol consumption in pregnancy and the risks of harm. National and international advice now advocates total abstinence in pregnancy; termed 0-4-9 by many campaigns [3, 4]. This article aims to raise awareness and inform healthcare professionals of the latest evidence to improve the prevention, diagnosis and management of FASD.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
Specialist publicationALCOHOLIS Medical Research Council on Alcohol
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sept 2019
Externally publishedYes


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