Prescribed Performance-based Powered Descent Guidance for Step-shaped Hazardous Terrains

Youmin Gong, Yanning Guo*, Guangfu Ma, Yao Zhang, Minwen Guo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The planetary powered descent guidance problem for step-shaped hazardous terrains is investigated in this article based on prescribed performance function (PPF) methodology. Initially, the distances between the lander and step-shaped terrains around the landing site have been formulated in a new form boundaryfunction using PPF, in which a new step-shaped boundary PPF is specifically designed to constrain the lateral motion. Furthermore, a fixed-time convergent PPF is chosen to coordinate the vertical motion. Next, to avoid the collision with step-shaped terrains and planetary surface, a feedback guidance algorithm is proposed based on the backstepping method. Considering a large guidance gain is beneficial for the lander to move away from the boundary PPF, but excessive control acceleration will be generated when the landing error is large. To solve this problem, an adaptive guidance gain is designed using Gaussian function. Finally, the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm have been verified through typical numerical simulations inspired by realistic Martian terrains. Moreover, this attempt using PPF methodology here can be easily reformulated to adjust the powered descent problem with collision avoidance for a flat surface or glide-slope constraint.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1095
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Issue number2
Early online date18 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2022

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