Ten delegates at the conference Voluntarism, Health and Social Care were recruited to form a panel of citizens to debate and offer direction for the future of technologically mediated health care. The panel suggested various principles for the development of telemedicine and telecare, concerning: patients, users and carers, approach to service delivery, research and knowledge, and conditions of use. Many of the principles echoed the founding values of the National Health Service, yet have arguably been absent from both policy pronouncements and the telemedicine literature, which largely views new health technologies themselves as 'value free', i.e. developed untouched by social and political relations. A programme of citizens' panels should be developed so that an informed debate can take place about the development of telemedicine and telecare, to underpin policy and practice.