Principles of circular economy for building sector: a systematic review

M. Gowsiga, T. Ramachandra, P. Sridarran, N. Thurairajah

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Globally, the building sector accounts for almost 40% of resource use and waste production and nearly 33% of greenhouse gas emissions. The Circular Economy (CE) and the adoption of its principles are currently recognised as one of the options to address these unsustainable issues. Despite, these principles are represented differently within three main domains: (1) collections of R-imperatives or R-framework, (2) CE loops, and (3) the ReSOLVE model, makes it a challenge for embracing CE principles in the building sector. A systematic literature review was carried out to respond to the research question "What are the R-imperatives that are applicable for the building sector as CE principles?", using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews (PRISMA). It yielded a total of 23 papers to analyse. This review confirms that although alternative domains exist, the most practical CE principles seem to be confined to R-imperatives. The study provides 17 R-imperatives in the descending order of their circularity, long with their definitions. Finally, these R-imperatives are logically linked with principles of other two CE domains. This would provide a clear understanding of CE principles and thereby enable CE applications in the building sector.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th World Construction Symposium
EditorsY.G. Sandanayake, K.G.A.S. Waidyasekara, T. Ramachandra, K.A.T.O. Ranadewa
Place of PublicationMoratuwa, Sri Lanka
PublisherUniversity of Moratuwa
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2023
Event11th World Construction Symposium - Colombo, Online, Sri Lanka
Duration: 21 Jul 202322 Jul 2023


Conference11th World Construction Symposium
Country/TerritorySri Lanka
CityColombo, Online
Internet address

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