To further preserve the data privacy of federated learning (FL), we propose a differentially private FL (DPFL) scheme with misaligned power allocation (MPA-DPFL). Unlike most existing over-the-air FL studies, in MPA-DPFL, the gradients are aggregated through over-the-air computation (Aircomp) but do not need to be aligned in the transmission. Therefore, MPA-DPFL can avoid the problem that the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the system is limited by the device with the worst channel condition. We formulate an optimization problem to minimize the optimality gap of MPA-DPFL while guaranteeing a certain degree of privacy protection. Additionally, we demonstrate that the MPA-DPFL is more suitable than the DPFL with aligned power allocation (APA-DPFL) when the channel condition of a device in the system is lower than a threshold. The analytical results are validated through simulation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Communications Letters|
|Early online date||30 Jun 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 2022|