Prospective and Retrospective Memory Deficits Associated with Androgenic Anabolic Steroid Use

Tom Heffernan, Terence O’Neill

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Abstract

The recreational use of androgenic anabolic steroids (AAS) has been associated with a range of health and psychological problems in the past, but very little research has considered what impact AAS might have upon cognition and memory. The present study aimed to identify whether the recreational use of AAS is linked to deficits in everyday retrospective memory (RM) and everyday prospective memory (PM). We assessed self-reports of RM and PM in 25 regular AAS users and 28 Non-Users (all were males, regular gym users and aged between 18-30 years) using the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire. A Recreational Drug Use Questionnaire was used to measure AAS use and alcohol use. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale measured two dimensions of mood (anxiety and depression). The results revealed that recreational AAS users reported significantly more everyday RM lapses (AAS Mean = 2.41 vs Non-Users Mean = 1.66; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-21
JournalThe Open Addiction Journal
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2014

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