Proxy‐reported sensory measures for children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders: A systematic review

Nicolette Soler, Reinie Cordier, Iain E. Perkes, Russell C. Dale, Paula Bray*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)


AIM: To determine the quality and utility of proxy‐reported sensory measures for children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders (such as autism spectrum disorder, attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder, movement disorders, and intellectual disability).
METHOD: We systematically searched 11 databases. We applied the updated Consensus‐based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) Risk of Bias checklist and criteria for good measurement properties to evaluate instrument development and psychometric properties. Findings were summarized using a COSMIN adaptation of Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations.
RESULTS: From 11 databases, 6748 articles were screened. Ninety‐one full‐length articles were reviewed after removing excluded studies and manual searches conducted by two reviewers. Data were extracted for 12 measures from 20 articles. Of the 12 measures, only three provided sufficient data to evaluate content validity and psychometric measurement properties. The Participation and Sensory Environment Questionnaire‐Home (PSEQ‐H) was the only measure that satisfied moderate content validity and moderate‐to‐high quality for measurement properties. These properties included: structural validity, hypothesis testing for construct validity, internal consistency, reliability, and measurement error.
INTERPRETATION: One measure, the PSEQ‐H, met eight criteria for good measurement properties. To facilitate evidence‐informed clinical decision‐making, all psychometric properties of all 12 sensory‐based, proxy‐reported measures were presented. The importance of consumer engagement in measure development and the need for ongoing evaluation of measures against contemporaneous standards is recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-199
Number of pages15
JournalDevelopmental Medicine & Child Neurology
Issue number2
Early online date30 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


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