Reading disappearing text: Why do children refixate words?

Hazel Blythe, Tuomo Häikiö, Raymond Bertram, Simon Liversedge, Jukka Hyönä

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


We compared Finnish adults’ and children’s eye movements on long (8-letter) and short (4-letter) target words embedded in sentences, presented either normally or as disappearing text. When reading disappearing text, where refixations did not provide new information, the 8- to 9-year-old children made fewer refixations but more regressions back to long words compared to when reading normal text. This difference was not observed in the adults or 10- to 11-year-old children. We conclude that the younger children required a second visual sample on the long words, and they adapted their eye movement behaviour when reading disappearing text accordingly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-92
JournalVision Research
Issue number1
Early online date8 Oct 2010
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes


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