Real-Time Superpixel Segmentation by DBSCAN Clustering Algorithm

Jianbing Shen, Xiaopeng Hao, Zhiyuan Liang, Yu Liu, Wenguan Wang, Ling Shao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

316 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose a real-time image superpixel segmentation method with 50 frames/s by using the density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) algorithm. In order to decrease the computational costs of superpixel algorithms, we adopt a fast two-step framework. In the first clustering stage, the DBSCAN algorithm with color-similarity and geometric restrictions is used to rapidly cluster the pixels, and then, small clusters are merged into superpixels by their neighborhood through a distance measurement defined by color and spatial features in the second merging stage. A robust and simple distance function is defined for obtaining better superpixels in these two steps. The experimental results demonstrate that our real-time superpixel algorithm (50 frames/s) by the DBSCAN clustering outperforms the state-of-the-art superpixel segmentation methods in terms of both accuracy and efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5933-5942
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number12
Early online date5 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016


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