Recommendation-based Trust Model for Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X)

Aljawharah Alnasser, Hongjian Sun, Jing Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) is one of the main systems which have been developed to achieve safe traffic and efficient transportation. It enables the vehicles to establish connections with other road entities and infrastructure
units using Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communications. As a consequence, all road entities become exposed to either internal or external attacks. Internal attacks cannot be detected by traditional security schemes. In this paper, a recommendation based trust model for V2X communications is proposed to defend against internal attacks. Four types of malicious attacks are analysed. In addition, we conduct various experiments with different percentage of malicious nodes to measure the performance of the proposed model. In comparison with the existing model, the proposed model shows an improvement in the network throughput and the detection rate for all types of considered malicious behaviors. Our model improves the Packet Dropping Rate (PDR) with 36% when the percentage of malicious nodes is around 87.5%.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8887207
Pages (from-to)440-450
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number1
Early online date30 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


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