Reversible Magnesium Metal Anode Enabled by Cooperative Solvation/Surface Engineering in Carbonate Electrolytes

Caiyun Wang, Yao Huang, Yunhao Lu, Hongge Pan, Ben Bin Xu, Wenping Sun, Mi Yan, Yinzhu Jiang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
75 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Magnesium metal anode holds great potentials toward future high energy and safe rechargeable magnesium battery technology due to its divalent redox and dendrite-free nature. Electrolytes based on Lewis acid chemistry enable the reversible Mg plating/stripping, while they fail to match most cathode materials toward high-voltage magnesium batteries. Herein, reversible Mg plating/stripping is achieved in conventional carbonate electrolytes enabled by the cooperative solvation/surface engineering. Strongly electronegative Cl from the MgCl 2 additive of electrolyte impairs the Mg…O = C interaction to reduce the Mg 2+ desolvation barrier for accelerated redox kinetics, while the Mg 2+-conducting polymer coating on the Mg surface ensures the facile Mg 2+ migration and the effective isolation of electrolytes. As a result, reversible plating and stripping of Mg is demonstrated with a low overpotential of 0.7 V up to 2000 cycles. Moreover, benefitting from the wide electrochemical window of carbonate electrolytes, high-voltage (> 2.0 V) rechargeable magnesium batteries are achieved through assembling the electrode couple of Mg metal anode and Prussian blue-based cathodes. The present work provides a cooperative engineering strategy to promote the application of magnesium anode in carbonate electrolytes toward high energy rechargeable batteries.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number195
Number of pages11
JournalNano-Micro Letters
Volume13
Issue number1
Early online date14 Sept 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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