Revisiting FSAs and CSAs in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Ghanaian Firms

Ellis L.C. Osabutey, Marina Papanastassiou*, Zhongqi Jin, Jyoti Navare, Ahmed Agyapong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is widely perceived as a region of countries with low technological capabilities, weak complementary assets competing on basic country specific advantages (CSAs) and relying on transferred technology. In this paper we argue against this perception. Integrating the extended concepts of Location Bound (LB) and Non-Location Bound (NLB) Firm Specific Advantages (FSAs) within a “revisited” CSAs/FSAs matrix, we provide evidence that home-market grown LB-FSAs and their transformation to NLB-FSAs are induced by domestic Ghanaian firms’ strategic and export orientation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102106
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Business Review
Issue number4
Early online date1 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023


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