Risk assessment of potentially toxic elements accumulated in fish to Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins in the South China Sea

Yao Lin, Xiaoxuan Yu, Linlin Huang, Edmond Sanganyado, Ran Bi, Ping Li, Wenhua Liu

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) reside in shallow coastal waters where they are exposed to potentially toxic elements (PTEs) through dietary intake. We quantitatively assessed the risk posed by eight PTEs to the health of S. chinensis by determining their concentration in 13 fish species. The fish species represented the primary prey of S. chinensis in the South China Sea. Zn and Mn were the most dominant elements in fish at all sampling locations with concentrations ranges of 19.93–67.63 mg kg −1 dry weight (dw) and 1.52–68.2 mg kg −1 dw, respectively. The highest Zn concentration in fish was found in Coilia mystus (72.65 mg kg−1 dw) followed by Liza carinatus (62.57 mg kg−1 dw). At Jiangmen, Zn concentration was significantly lower in benthopelagic fish than in pelagic fish (p < 0.05, one-way ANOVA), while no significant difference was observed in other metals. The health risk posed by dietary intake assessed using the toxicity reference value showed that PTEs did not significant health risk to S. chinensis. In contrast, the risk quotient (RQ) based on reference doses ranged from 2.17 to 54.63 in prey fish that were contaminated with Zn and Cr indicating a potential health risk to S. chinensis in the South China Sea. The number of PTEs that posed a health risk varied between sites with seven out of eight PTEs above threshold at Jiangmen and six out of eight at Zhanjiang and Qinzhou. This study showed fish niche and location may influence the health risk posed by consumption of PTE-contaminated fish.
Original languageEnglish
Article number143256
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume761
Early online date14 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

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