Safeguarding Imperiled Biodiversity and Evolutionary Processes in the Wallacea Center of Endemism

Matthew J Struebig, Sabhrina G Aninta, Maria Beger, Alessia Bani, Henry Barus, Selina Brace, Zoe G Davies, Maarten De Brauwer, Karen Diele, Cilun Djakiman, Rignolda Djamaluddin, Rosie Drinkwater, Alex Dumbrell, Darren Evans, Marco Fusi, Leonel Herrera-Alsina, Djoko T Iskandar, Jamaluddin Jompa, Berry Juliandi, Lesley T LancasterGino Limmon, Lindawati Lindawati, Michaela G Y Lo, Pungki Lupiyaningdyah, Molly McCannon, Erik Meijaard, Simon L Mitchell, Sonny Mumbunan, Darren O'Connell, Owen G Osborne, Alex S T Papadopulos, Joeni S Rahajoe, Rosaria Rosaria, Stephen J Rossiter, Titik Rugayah, Himmah Rustiami, Ulrich Salzmann, Sheherazade Sheherazade, I Made Sudiana, Endang Sukara, Johny S Tasirin, Aiyen Tjoa, Justin M J Travis, Liam Trethowan, Agus Trianto, Tim Utteridge, Maria Voigt, Nurul Winarni, Zulianto Zakaria, David P Edwards, Laurent Frantz, Jatna Supriatna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wallacea-the meeting point between the Asian and Australian fauna-is one of the world's largest centers of endemism. Twenty-three million years of complex geological history have given rise to a living laboratory for the study of evolution and biodiversity, highly vulnerable to anthropogenic pressures. In the present article, we review the historic and contemporary processes shaping Wallacea's biodiversity and explore ways to conserve its unique ecosystems. Although remoteness has spared many Wallacean islands from the severe overexploitation that characterizes many tropical regions, industrial-scale expansion of agriculture, mining, aquaculture and fisheries is damaging terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, denuding endemics from communities, and threatening a long-term legacy of impoverished human populations. An impending biodiversity catastrophe demands collaborative actions to improve community-based management, minimize environmental impacts, monitor threatened species, and reduce wildlife trade. Securing a positive future for Wallacea's imperiled ecosystems requires a fundamental shift away from managing marine and terrestrial realms independently. [Abstract copyright: © The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Institute of Biological Sciences.]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1118-1130
Number of pages13
JournalBioScience
Volume72
Issue number11
Early online date19 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022

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