More effective and safe fire prevention solutions for polymer derivatives are necessary to address rising environmental and health concerns. In this study, the novel and simple chemically modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes (H-CNT) and PEGylated inorganic fullerene tungsten sulphide (P-IF-WS2) reinforced PA12 nanocomposites are synergistically prepared via selective laser sintering (SLS). The PA12/H-CNT/IF-WS2 nanocomposites show a wider sintering window than blank PA12. The formed hydrogen bond network of inter-chain contacts and compatibility in PA12/H-CNT/P-IF-WS2 matrix is proved. Furthermore, a dense carbon layer is developed by further dehydrating the oxygen-rich functional groups on the surface of H-CNT and P-IF-WS2 during carbonization at high temperatures. The PA12/H-CNT/P-IF-WS2 nanocomposites fabricated by incorporating hydrogen and carbon bonds in the PA12-based nanocomposites demonstrate good fire safety, thermal, and mechanical properties. The significant reduction in total heat release (20.14%), peak heat release (38.9%), and total smoke emission (22.6%) showed the improved fire safety of PA12. The H-CNT and P-IF-WS2 nanofillers also enhanced the mechanical (tensile and dynamic mechanical) capabilities. This technique of introducing nano-additives to SLS samples changes offers a practical, long-lasting, and effective way to improve the flame retardancy of laser-sintered polymer nanocomposites.