Sex differences in cognition: The role of testosterone and sexual orientation

Nick Neave, Meyrav Menaged, David R. Weightman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of both heterosexual and homosexual males and females was compared on four cognitive tasks which have been shown to reveal evidence of sexual dimorphism. In one spatial and one verbal task, significant sex and orientation effects were found. Significant relationships were also found between salivary free-testosterone levels and performance on both spatial tasks, but no significant associations were found for performance on the two verbal tasks. The present study revealed both within- and between-sex differences in cognition and indicates that these differences may be partly accounted for by the activational effects of free testosterone.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-262
JournalBrain and Cognition
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999

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