Si-Cu nanocomposite as an effective sensing layer for H2S based on quartz surface acoustic wave sensors

Jian Che, Junsen Wang, Changcang Qiao, Yudong Xia, Kai Ou, Jing Zhou, Yuxiang Ni, Wenting Zhang, Yuchen Han, Xiaotao Zu, Yongqing Fu, Yongliang Tang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been a critical challenge to develop highly sensitive H2S gas sensors, due to its wide-range application in industry and frequent leakage, which endangers people's lives. In this work, a highly sensitive room-temperature SAW H2S gas sensor based on Si-Cu nanocomposite was developed. The Cu content in this composite layer plays a key role for H2S response of the sensor because CuO, an excellent adsorption site for H2S, presents on the surface of Cu. The amorphous Si content results in the highly porous structure enhancing the interaction between CuO and H2S. The interaction leads to the formation of CuS and a negative frequency response of the sensor. H2O molecules effectively participate the reactions between CuO and H2S, and the responses of H2S were significantly enhanced in a moister environment. With the relative humidity of 60%, the sensor can detect 50 ppb H2S with a response of -225 Hz.
Original languageEnglish
Article number114225
Number of pages9
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Volume353
Early online date7 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2023

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