Simple structure dual-core photonic crystal fiber polarization beam splitter covering the O + E + S + C + L + U band based on the surface plasmon resonance effect

Yuwei Qu, Jinhui Yuan*, Shi Qiu, Xian Zhou, Binbin Yan, Qiang Wu*, Bin Liu, Kuiru Wang, Xinzhu Sang, Keping Long, Chongxiu Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, a simple structure dual-core photonic crystal fiber (SS-DC-PCF) polarization beam splitter (PBS) based on the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect and symmetric dual-core coupling mode theory is proposed. For the proposed SS-DC-PCF-1 PBS, the coupling lengths (CLs) and coupling length ratio (CLR) are analyzed, and the variations of the normalized output powers with the propagation length are investigated for the chosen wavelengths 1.434, 1.451, and 1.469 μm. The extinction ratio in cores A and B are compared at the three splitting lengths (SLs) 170, 173, and 176 μm. When the optimal SL is 176 μm, the splitting bandwidth (SB) is 255 nm (1.437-1.692 μm), and the insertion loss (IL) is less than 0.043 dB. The regulations of the CLs and CLR with the change of the structure parameters are analyzed. For the proposed SS-DC-PCF-2 PBS, the optimal SL is 232 μm, the SB is 201 nm (1.249-1.450 μm), and the IL is less than 0.042 dB. Finally, it is demonstrated that the total SB of the proposed SS-DC-PCF-1 PBS and SS-DC-PCF-2 PBS is 443 nm (1.249-1.692 μm), which can cover the OCECSCCCLCU band, even if the gold film thickness changes by μ1 nm. The proposed SS-DC-PCF PBS has excellent performances, such as ultrashort SL, ultrawide SB, ultralow IL, and good error-tolerance rate. It will have important applications in all-fiber optical systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F50-F60
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Volume38
Issue number12
Early online date7 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

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