Sleep problems are associated with academic performance in a national sample of collegiate athletes

Robert W. Turner*, Kalpana Vissa, Christine Hall, Kristi Poling, Amy Athey, Pamela Alfonso-Miller, Jo Ann Gehrels, Michael A. Grandner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Examine associations between a range of sleep problems and academic performance in a national sample of collegiate athletes. Participants: Data were obtained from the National College Health Assessment of US college/university students from 2011–2014 (N = 8,312 collegiate athletes). Methods: Univariate comparisons for all sleep variables and demographics were stratified across GPA, using one-way ANOVA for continuous variables and chi-square for categorical variables. Multinomial logistic regression models, with GPA as outcome (reference = A) and sleep variable as predictor, were examined and adjusted for age, sex, and survey year. Ordinal regression examined a 1-level change in GPA associated with each sleep variable, adjusted for covariates. Results: Sleep difficulty was associated with increased likelihood of B/C averages. Initial-insomnia was associated with increased likelihood of B/C, and D/F averages. Tiredness was associated with increased likelihood of B/C, and D/F averages. Conclusions: Sleep problems are highly prevalent and associated with poorer academic performance in collegiate athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of American College Health
Volume69
Issue number1
Early online date9 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

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