This paper seeks to further the state-of-the-art knowledge on what a smart city is by analysing the smart cities across the world. It also seeks to find out how different approaches to smart city creation influence the city. This work is based on the ongoing review on Smart Cities that was started in 2014 and is structured as follows: first, definitions of "smart city" are reviewed, then typologies of smart cities are generated by analysing the different types of smart cities across the world. Following this, case studies are reported, followed by a reflection. The paper concludes by suggesting some research directions to take this subject further.
|Title of host publication||Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu|
|Editors||Aulikki Herneoja, Toni Österlund, Piia Markkanen|
|Place of Publication||Oulu, Finland|
|Publisher||University of Oulu|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2016|