A single-mode-no-core-single-mode (SNS) fiber optical sensor for the detection of solid-liquid and liquid-solid phase changes in C18H38 n-alkane (n-octadecane) is proposed and demonstrated. The transmission-type sensor probe consists of a short section of no-core fiber sandwiched between two sections of a single-mode fiber. Phase changes in n-octadecane are accompanied by large step-like variations of its refractive index (RI). Such a large discontinuous change of the n-octadecane’s RI during its phase transition leads to the corresponding step-like change in the transmitted optical power that can reliably indicate the phase change of the sample in the vicinity of the sensor. The proposed sensor probe is simple, accurate and is capable of detecting the material’s phase based on a single measurement. The results of this work suggest that the proposed sensor is potentially capable of detecting liquid-solid phase changes in other materials whose thermo-optic properties are similar to those of n-octadecane.
|Journal||Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science|
|Early online date||18 Jun 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2019|