Solvent Extraction and Fluorescence Spectroscopic Investigation of the Selective Am(III) Complexation with TS-BTPhen

Peter Kaufholz, Giuseppe Modolo, Andreas Wilden, Fabian Sadowski, Dirk Bosbach, Christoph Wagner, Andreas Geist, Petra Panak, Frank Lewis, Laurence Harwood

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27 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

An americium(III) selective separation procedure was developed based on the coextraction of trivalent actinides (An(III)) and lanthanides (Ln(III)) by TODGA (N,N,N′,N′-tetraoctyl-diglycolamide), followed by Am(III) selective stripping using the hydrophilic complexing agent TS-BTPhen (3,3′,3ʺ,3ʺ′-[3-(1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-diyl)-1,2,4-triazine-5,5,6,6-tetrayl]tetrabenzenesulfonic acid). Distribution ratios were found at an acidity of 0.65 mol L−1 nitric acid that allowed for the separation of Am(III) from Cm(III) (DCm > 1; DAm <1), giving a separation factor between curium and americium of SFCm/Am = 3.6 within the stripping step. Furthermore, Am(III) was readily separated from the lanthanides with the lowest selectivity for the Ln(III)/Am(III) separation being lanthanum with a separation factor of SFLa/Am = 20. The influence of the TS-BTPhen concentration on Am(III) distribution ratios was studied, giving a slope (logD vs. log[TS-BTPhen]) of approximately −1 for the stripping of Am(III) with TS-BTPhen from the TODGA-based organic phase. Time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) measurements of curium(III) were used to analyze the speciation of Cm(III)-TS-BTPhen complexes. Both 1:1 and 1:2 complexes were identified in single-phase experiments. The formation of the 1:1 complex was suppressed in 0.5 mol L−1 nitric acid but it was significantly present in HClO4 at pH 3. Conditional stability constants of the complex species were calculated from the TRLFS experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-140
Number of pages14
JournalSolvent Extraction and Ion Exchange
Volume34
Issue number2
Early online date8 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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