Stability and Performance of CsPbI2Br Thin Films and Solar Cell Devices

Silvia Mariotti*, Oliver S. Hutter, Laurie J. Phillips, Peter J. Yates, Biswajit Kundu, Ken Durose

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this manuscript, the inorganic perovskite CsPbI2Br is investigated as a photovoltaic material that offers higher stability than the organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite materials. It is demonstrated that CsPbI2Br does not irreversibly degrade to its component salts as in the case of methylammonium lead iodide but instead is induced (by water vapor) to transform from its metastable brown cubic (1.92 eV band gap) phase to a yellow phase having a higher band gap (2.85 eV). This is easily reversed by heating to 350 °C in a dry environment. Similarly, exposure of unencapsulated photovoltaic devices to water vapor causes current (JSC) loss as the absorber transforms to its more transparent (yellow) form, but this is also reversible by moderate heating, with over 100% recovery of the original device performance. NMR and thermal analysis show that the high band gap yellow phase does not contain detectable levels of water, implying that water induces the transformation but is not incorporated as a major component. Performances of devices with best efficiencies of 9.08% (VOC = 1.05 V, JSC = 12.7 mA cm-2 and FF = 68.4%) using a device structure comprising glass/ITO/c-TiO2/CsPbI2Br/Spiro-OMeTAD/Au are presented, and further results demonstrating the dependence of the performance on the preparation temperature of the solution processed CsPbI2Br films are shown. We conclude that encapsulation of CsPbI2Br to exclude water vapor should be sufficient to stabilize the cubic brown phase, making the material of interest for use in practical PV devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3750-3760
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number4
Early online date18 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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