The advanced mode of operation of electric vehicles (EVs) like vehicle-to-everything (V2X) mode is popularly used. In this mode of operation, the pool of battery energy storage created by large fleet of EVs is used to supply power to electric vehicles, smart homes, smart loads and main grid which enables other mode of operations of V2X system like vehicle-to-grid (V2G), vehicle-for-grid (V4G), vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-home (V2H) and vehicle-to-load (V2L). In addition to improvement in reliability of supply, the V2X mode of operation is used to provide various services like regulation of active power demand, reactive power compensation, shaving peaks and valleys in load demand, frequency and voltage regulation, compensation of harmonics in grid current, improvement in system stability to the utility. In this review paper, state of art of various modes and services provided by V2X functionality to the system are discussed. The comprehensive literature review related to control techniques used to achieve above mentioned objectives with their associated advantages and limitations is included in this paper. The associated challenges and future perspectives of the V2X system are also discussed in detail.
|Journal||Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 10 May 2022|