Stellar surface magneto-convection as a source of astrophysical noise. I. Multi-component parameterization of absorption line profiles

Heather M. Cegla, Sergiy Shelyag, Christopher Watson, Mihalis Mathioudakis

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Abstract

We outline our techniques to characterize photospheric granulation as an astrophysical noise source. A four-component parameterization of granulation is developed that can be used to reconstruct stellar line asymmetries and radial velocity shifts due to photospheric convective motions. The four components are made up of absorption line profiles calculated for granules, magnetic intergranular lanes, non-magnetic intergranular lanes, and magnetic bright points at disk center. These components are constructed by averaging Fe I 6302 Å magnetically sensitive absorption line profiles output from detailed radiative transport calculations of the solar photosphere. Each of the four categories adopted is based on magnetic field and continuum intensity limits determined from examining three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations with an average magnetic flux of 200 G. Using these four-component line profiles we accurately reconstruct granulation profiles, produced from modeling 12 × 12 Mm2 areas on the solar surface, to within ~ ±20 cm s–1 on a ~100 m s–1 granulation signal. We have also successfully reconstructed granulation profiles from a 50 G simulation using the parameterized line profiles from the 200 G average magnetic field simulation. This test demonstrates applicability of the characterization to a range of magnetic stellar activity levels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume763
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2013

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