Stochastic Learning-Based Robust Beamforming Design for RIS-Aided Millimeter-Wave Systems in the Presence of Random Blockages

Gui Zhou, Cunhua Pan*, Hong Ren, Kezhi Wang, Maged Elkashlan, Marco Di Renzo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A fundamental challenge for millimeter wave (mmWave) communications lies in its sensitivity to the presence of blockages, which impact the connectivity of the communication links and ultimately the reliability of the network. In this paper, we analyze a mmWave communication system assisted by multiple reconfigurable intelligent surface (RISs) for enhancing the network reliability and connectivity in the presence of random blockages. To enhance the robustness of beamforming in the presence of random blockages, we formulate a stochastic optimization problem based on the minimization of the sum outage probability. To tackle the proposed optimization problem, we introduce a low-complexity algorithm based on the stochastic block gradient descent method, which learns sensible blockage patterns without searching for all combinations of potentially blocked links. Numerical results confirm the performance benefits of the proposed algorithm in terms of outage probability and effective data rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9314027
Pages (from-to)1057-1061
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Volume70
Issue number1
Early online date5 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

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