Stress and Strain Distribution in the Upsetting Process: A Numerical Simulation

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Numerical simulation of metal flow behaviour was studied using DeformTM3D software. The simulation process was done on X20 steel taken from the software database at 1073-1273K temperature, 10mm/s die speed, and 67% height reduction. From the simulation results, forging load, damage, and stress/strain distributions were obtained. The results show that the forging load increased with a decrease in temperature or decreased with an increase in temperature. The maximum damage values increased as the temperature increased. The obtained maximum damage values were 0.42 (1073K), 0.43 (1173K), and 0.45 (1273K). The damage distribution was inhomogeneous in the deformed cylinder. The stress/strain distributions were inhomogeneous in the deformed cylinder. The location of the maximum strain was at the centre of the deformed cylinder while the maximum stress occurred at the die-cylinder contact surfaces. The study showed that flow stress behaviour can be predicted using finite element method. This shows the feasibility of applying the finite element analysis to analyse the forging process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Research on Advancements in Manufacturing, Materials, and Mechanical Engineering
EditorsLeonid Burstein
Place of PublicationHershey, USA
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781799849407
ISBN (Print)9781799849391, 9781799854418
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAdvances in Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering (AMME)
PublisherIGI Global
ISSN (Print)2328-8205
ISSN (Electronic)2328-823X

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