Study of the Al-grading effect in the crystallisation of chalcopyrite Cu(In,Al)Se2 thin films selenised at different temperatures

Sofia Martin, Guillaume Zoppi, Rémi Aninat, Ian Forbes, C. Guillén

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6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Chalcopyrite CuIn1−xAlxSe2 (CIAS) thin films with an atomic ratio of Al/(In + Al) = 0.4 were grown by a two-stage process onto soda-lime glass substrates. The selenisation was carried out at different temperatures, ranging from 400 °C to 550 °C, for metallic precursors layers evaporated with two different sequences. The first sequence, C1, was evaporated with the Al as the last layer, while in the second one, C2, the In was the last evaporated element. The optical, structural and morphological characterisations led to the conclusion that the precursors sequence determines the crystallisation pathway, resulting in C1 the best option due to the homogeneity of the depth distribution of the elements. The influence of the selenisation temperature was also studied, finding 540 °C as the optimum one, since it allows to achieve the highest band gap value for the C1 sequence and for the given composition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-242
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume140
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2013

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