Superior compressive and tensile bi-directional strain sensing capabilities achieved using liquid metal Hybrid-Hydrogels empowered by Machine learning algorithms

Jian Zhou, Ying Liu, Fengling Zhuo, Hui Chen, Huan Cao, YongQing Fu, Jianfei Xie*, Huigao Duan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hydrogel-based flexible strain sensors have great potentials for applications in wearable electronics, human–machine interfaces, and soft robotics. Although great efforts have been made on enhancing tensile strain sensing capability of hydrogels, their sensing capabilities under compressive deformation have seldom been explored. Herein, we report a liquid metal-based hybrid hydrogel which achieves high stretchability (2300 %), superior bi-directional responses to both compressive strains (with a gauge factor of 33.43) and tensile strains (with a gauge factor of 9.59), fast response time (190 ms), and excellent durability (>1500 cycles). This conductive hybrid hydrogel with multi-interpenetrating networks is constructed by incorporating liquid metal, graphene oxide, poly-dopamine, and potassium chloride into a polymer double-network of polyacrylamide and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly (styrene sulfonate). By integrating machine-learning algorithm with the hybrid hydrogel sensors, an intelligent dual-mode handwriting recognition system is developed for perceiving finger touch signals (in compressive-strain mode) and finger bending signals (in tensile-strain mode), with high accuracy (>93 %) and fast recognition time (
Original languageEnglish
Article number147790
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Early online date3 Dec 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024

Cite this