Small-area polycrystalline CuGaxIn1-xSe2-based solar cells produced in the laboratory have been reported with efficiencies up to 18.8%. This success at achieving high-efficiency devices has stimulated a parallel research effort to produce large-area modules based on the use of CuGaxIn1-xSe2 with reduced cost of production. One method that has potential to achieve these objectives is chemical spray pyrolysis. Preliminary studies have resulted in devices with efficiencies of 4-5%. Further improvements toward implementing higher-efficiency devices are expected to result from a better understanding of the physical and chemical properties of the chalcopyrite layers produced. In this work we have investigated, for the first time, the properties of these layers using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to identify the secondary phases and residual impurities present. The layers studied were for In/Ga mole ratios of x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 in CuGaxln1-xSe2. The layers were also profiled by sputter etching away the surface of the layers and repeating the XPS measurements. The effects of annealing the layers in air, vacuum, and selenium vapor were also investigated.
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2003|