Synthesis, crystal structure, and characterization of Na2SrV4O12: A low‐firing dielectric vanadate

Chunchun Li, Yingzhi Meng, Hongping Hou, Amei Zhang, Jibran Khaliq, Na Liao, Caixia Fu, Laijun Liu, Hongliang Du

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, cyclotetravanadate Na2SrV4O12 was synthesized at a relatively low sintering temperature of ∼ 500 ° C using a solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscope characterization featured a tetragonal structure that was built by a 3D frame of isolated tetracyclic (V4O12)4−. Dielectric measurements demonstrated strong dependence on frequency and temperature. A low relative permittivity of εr ∼ 8 ± 0.2 and a dielectric (loss tanδ) ∼ 0.4 ± 0.01 was achieved at a frequency of 10 kHz and room temperature. ac impedance and conductivity analysis revealed a thermally activated migration behavior of charge carriers with a short-range hopping feature. XPS analysis validated the existence of oxygen vacancy and reduction in vanadium (from V5+ to V4+), which gave rise to charged lattice defects. The migration or hopping of such charged defects was responsible for the observed electrical behaviors. Owing to the simple composition, inexpensive raw materials, and low density (2.99 g/cm3) make Na2SrV4O12 ceramic a potential candidate for lightweight devices and in photocatalytic degradation and all-solid-state ion batteries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3501-3508
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume106
Issue number6
Early online date9 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

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