Synthesis of earth-abundant Cu2SnS3 powder using solid state reaction

Devendra Tiwari, Tapas K. Chaudhuri, T. Shripathi, U. Deshpande

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36 Citations (Scopus)


Cu2SnS3 (CTS) powder has been synthesized at 200 °C by solid state reaction of pastes consisting of Cu and Sn salts and different sulphur compounds in air. The compositions of the products is elucidated from XRD and only thiourea is found to yield CTS without any unwanted CuSx or SnSy. Rietveld analysis of Cu2SnS3 is carried out to determine the structure parameters. XPS shows that Cu and Sn are in oxidation states +1 and +4, respectively. Morphology of powder as revealed by SEM shows the powder to be polycrystalline with porous structure. The band gap of CTS powder is found to be 1.1 eV from diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Cu2SnS3 pellets are p-type with electrical conductivity of 10−2 S/cm. The thermal degradation and metal–ligand coordination in CTS precursor are studied with TGA/DSC and FT-IR, respectively, and a probable mechanism of formation of CTS has been suggested.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-415
JournalJournal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Issue number3
Early online date11 Dec 2013
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


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