Tactical Conflict Prevention Strategies in Public-Private Partnerships: Lessons from Experts

Dakshina Liyanapathirana, Onaopepo Adeniyi, Pavithra Rathnasiri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Conflicts are frequent in Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) due to the involvement of multi16 disciplined parties within the process. Individual parties among the numerous stakeholders often work towards achieving their own desired goals. Early identification and elimination of potential conflicts are significant to achieving a smooth delivery process of PPP projects. PPP offers imperative benefits for economic development, especially in developing countries. However,despite the huge potentials of PPP in infrastructure development, limited attention still exists early stage on the prevention of conflict. Aside that, a more focused investigation is required across different locations. Therefore, this study aims to enhance the understanding of conflict occurrence and articulate steps to conflict prevention in PPPs through pre-construction stage practices. Expert interviews were carried out in two phases. Phase I identified the current process and triggers of conflicts and Phase 2 identified the strategies, and recommendations to eliminate the conflicts. The purposive sampling method was used for the selection of experts in Sri Lanka and findings wereanalyzed using the content analysis method. This study identified and categorized the triggers of conflicts in PPP as political interference and public interruption, lack of knowledge about PPP,contractual agreement, and commitment of professionals. Further, the strategies to prevent conflicts were discussed under key headings such as proper professional practice, use of lessons learned, thorough contract drafting, a well-defined program, pre-contract practices, project-long audits, awareness programmes, and government support.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 24 Aug 2023

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