Taguchi-Grey relational analysis driven multi-objective optimization of weld bead geometry and hardness in laser welded Ti6Al4V Alloy

Peter Omoniyi*, Uttam Acharya, Stephen Akinlabi, Tien Chien Jen, Esther Akinlabi

*Corresponding author for this work

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This study used Taguchi-based Grey relational analysis to optimize the bead geometry (bead width and length) and the hardness of laser welded 3 mm thick Ti6Al4V alloy sheets joined using the butt configuration. Firstly, the L9 (32) orthogonal array, with varying laser power and welding speed, was employed to optimize the input parameters (bead length, width, and hardness). The Taguchi optimization showed that the welding speed and laser power have a significant effect on the hardness of the welds and that laser power has a significant impact on the bead length. Meanwhile, the welding parameters had little effect on the bead width. These results were further affirmed with the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The Grey relational multi-objective optimization shows the optimized parameters for all responses to be 3 kW laser power and 2.2 m/min welding speed. It is important to note that the combination of Taguchi and Grey relational analysis and ANOVA is useful in optimizing welding parameters to achieve suitable weld properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal on Interactive Design and Manufacturing
Early online date17 May 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 May 2024

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