Temperature controlled properties of sub-micron thin SnS films

Stephen Nwankwo, Stephen Campbell, Kotte Ramakrishna Reddy, Neil Beattie, Vincent Barrioz, Guillaume Zoppi

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Tin sulphide (SnS) thin films deposited by thermal evaporation on glass substrates are studied for different substrate temperatures. The increase in substrate temperature results in the increase of the crystallite size and change in orientation of the films. The crystal structure of the film is that of SnS only and for temperatures ≤ 300ºC the films are of random orientation, whereas for higher temperatures the films become (040) oriented. The variation of Sn/S composition was accompanied by a reduction in optical energy bandgap from 1.47 to 1.31 eV as the substrate temperature increases. The Urbach energy was found stable at 0.169 ± 0.002 eV for temperature up to 350ºC. Photoluminescence emission was observed only for films exhibiting stoichiometric properties and shows that a precise control of the film composition is critical to fabricate devices while an increase in grain size will be essential to achieve high efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Article number065002
JournalSemiconductor Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2018


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