Tensile, flexural, and morphological properties of jute/oil palm pressed fruit fibers reinforced high density polyethylene hybrid composites

Oluyemi Ojo Daramola*, Oluwatosin Abiodun Balogun, Adeolu Adesoji Adediran, Sheriff Olalekan Saka, Isiaka Oluwole Oladele, Esther Titilayo Akinlabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The incorporation of materials that were formally regarded as agricultural wastes into polymeric matrix has drawn the attention of many researchers in recent years. This research focused on reinforcing high-density polyethylene (HDPE) matrix with treated jute fiber (JF)/oil palm pressed fruit fibers (OPPFF) at varying weight proportions. JF and OPPFF were cut to 2.5 mm length and were chemically treated thereafter with 1 M and 1.5 M sodium hydroxide solution respectively. The composites were produced using the compression molding technique. The morphological characterization of the fibers and composites for untreated and treated samples was studied with the aid of a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Tensile and flexural properties of the produced composite samples were also determined. From the result, the surface morphology of the fiber after treatment showed that there was obvious exposure of the fiber surface and removal of impurities as this influenced the microstructure of the composites and in turn the tensile and flexural properties. Hence, it was observed that 20 wt.% treated jute fiber addition shows the most significant enhancements in terms of tensile and flexural properties. The study exposed the effect of surface modification of JF/OPPF hybridization on HDPE matrix composite.

Original languageEnglish
Article number71
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalFibers
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

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